|IDEA BY:||Shaunak Mishra||LOCATION:||Other||CATEGORY:||Science/Medical|
|IDEA BY:||Shaunak Mishra|
The existence of stellar & rotating black holes forming from space-time flop transitions caused by 6 dimensional Calabi-Yau Manifolds is explained here. Prof. Witten conjectured that such a transition couldn’t produce catastrophic effects as on a world sheet, virtual strings must surround the ‘hole’ to precisely cancel its effects. Strings are smallest granules of matter. Moreover, fermions are matter particles. So strings can also be attributed as fermions. To make this attribution more fundamental, the string that participates in such effects is likely to possess half amount of spin. From this, it can be derived that they too fall under the Pauli Exclusion Principle, which states that no two fermions can inhabit the same quantum state. So the statement can be revised as no two ‘rotating’ (since they possess half amount of spin) strings may inhabit the same quantum state, though they may collide just like fermions do. Now, some virtual strings may carry far less energy than the required amount needed to ‘precisely’ cancel the effect. So ultimately in both the cases i.e. of black holes & space-time transitions, the fabric of space-time is altered in such a way that it ultimately rips apart. In the case of space-time transition, the fabric tears as the strings may not carry enough energy to cancel out this effect. Therefore, they cancel some amount of effect, but the virtual strings still surround the tear formed. Such a kind of tear with these ‘virtual string surround’ represents a static, non-rotating black hole. The property of these virtual strings can also be attributed as Hawking Radiation. When the virtual strings are absent to surround the tear or exhibit very low-energy state, then this results in a Kerr Black Hole; which possesses angular momentum.